Indo Tibetan Border Police Force Academy formerly known as High Altitude Defence And Survival Academy was established at this location in 1976 on ad-hoc basis and formally organized in September, 1978 consequent upon reorganization of the force and was renamed as ITBP ACADEMY in 1990. At present the Academy is responsible for basic training of GOs and SOs of all cadres, pre promotional mandatory courses for Officers, SOs and Ors, like Higher Command Course, Senior Command Management Course, Junior Command Management Course, Senior Inspector Refresher Course, SOs Tac Course, Platoon Commander Course and Courses of specialized nature are also conducted in Academy. The Academy consists of two wings viz. ADM and COMBAT WING. These work under their respective Commandants. The Adm wing is situated at Cainville Estate and Combat wing at Astel Estate situated at a distance of four (04) KMs from each other.
a) To develop pride in uniform.
b) To make the officers think and work like a team by developing skills of team work.
c) To develop physical fitness and endurance.
d) To develop soldierly skills.
e) To bring about attitudinal changes.
f) To develop leadership qualities.
g) To make raw men into hard core professional soldiers.
Principles of learning
The important physiological principles that shall be followed in the training to attain steady progress are:-
Readiness: The value of training depends upon the physical and psychological readiness of the individual. Readiness comes with maturity in thinking and humility.
Adaptation: Training induces subtle changes as the body adapts to the added demands. The level of difficulty shall slowly increase to give time to the body to adapt itself to the demands.
Training must place a demand on the body’s systems if desired adaptations are to take place. The rate of improvement is related to three factors – frequency, intensity and duration of exercise. The overload stimulates changes in the muscles and other faculties and designed to help the body and mind to cope up with future demands.
Progression: To achieve adaptations using principles of overload, training follows principle of progression. Hence there is a steady increase in the intensity of inputs both mental and physical.
All inputs are designed to impart specific skills. They are need based and progressive in nature.
Certain inputs, such as drill and weapon handling, rely heavily of the principle of building ‘ muscle memory’ through repetitions, as the actions need to become part of officer’s reflex action /second nature .
To avoid boredom and to maintain interest, variations are introduced at appropriate times.
It takes longer to achieve fitness and outdoor skills than to lose it. Hence, a year-round Programme must be maintained.
Training in the Academy is conducted primarily as a group activity to inculcate ethos of team-work. This is intended to ensure that weaker team members push themselves to reach higher standards and stronger members of the team pull their weaker mates up.
Every individual has a potential maximal level of performance. Most of us never come close to that potential performance. The only way to approach your potential is to regularly participate in training activity.
Mussoorie is located about 280 Kms North East of New Delhi in Uttarakhand. It is connected by air and rail up to Dehradun and there after by road up to Mussoorie.
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Academy is divided into two wings and both the wings i.e. Administrative Wing and Combat Wing are located about 4 Kms apart at two different places in Mussoorie.
The Administration Wing is located at Cainville Estate about 1.5 Kms short of Library bus stand. There are two gates in this wing namely Dehradun Gate and Mussoorie Gate. Both the gates are located on the Dehradun-Mussoorie road. The distance of Mussoorie Gate and Dehradun Gate from Library bus stand is 1.5 Km and 4.5 Kms respectively. Both the gates are manned by Regimental Police (RP) from 0600 hrs to 1800 hrs daily. Adequate sign-boards are displayed at various places leading to the location.
The Combat Wing of the Academy is located at Astel Estate, which is approximately 2 Kms from Library bus stand on the New Circular road. Library (Gandhi Chowk) is a prominent Landmark where Uttarakhand State Road Transport Corporation bus stand is located. There are four roads originating from Gandhi Chowk i.e. highway to Dehradun, road to LBS National Academy of Administration, Mall road and Spring Road. The Spring Road is for light vehicles and leads to Combat Wing at Astel Estate on the Circular Road.
TRAINS AND BUS ROUTE
The nearest Rail head for Mussoorie is Dehradun, which is about 32 Kms. Regular Bus and taxi services connect Mussoorie with Dehradun. The buses and taxis plying for Mussoorie start from the hill bus stand, locally known as ‘ Mussoorie Bus Stand’ which is located in the Railway Station complex itself. There is another bus stand, which caters for journeys to other out stations locally known as ‘ISBT’.
There are two bus stands at Mussoorie – ‘Library Bus Stand’ and ‘Picture Palace Bus Stand’. Trainees are advised to avail Buses bound for Library Bus Stand from Dehradun as it will be very convenient to reach either of the two locations of the Academy viz Cainville Estate or Astel Estate.
In case they board the bus for Picture Palace, they are advised to get down at Kingcraig which is approximately one Km short of Cainville Estate and can reach ‘Library Bus Stand’ by taxi etc.
Trainees of the following courses sponsored by BPR&D must report to Combat Wing at Astel Estate:
a) Anti Terrorist and VIP Protection Commando Course
b) Identification & Handling of Explosive Course (IHE)
c) Karate Course
d) Rock Climbing Course
Mussoorie is a hill station and its altitude is approximately 6500 ft. The Academy is located at an altitude of about 6,400 ft. (1900 Mtrs.). The climatic conditions of Mussoorie vary from season to season as mentioned below:-
a) April to Mid June : During this period climate is generally dry and pleasant. Summer dress and cotton garments are advised. Light bedding with two blankets and mosquito net are sufficient.
b) Mid June to August : Heavy monsoon rain is experienced during this period and the climate generally remains foggy and misty. Cotton garments, light bedding with two blankets and mosquito net are sufficient.
c) September to October : Weather is generally dry and quite pleasant. Mornings and evenings, are slightly chilly. Cotton clothing light woolen trousers and pullovers are necessary. Bedding consisting of two blankets is required.
d) November to March : Severe winter prevails during this period. Climate becomes quite cold with temperature varying from 10° C to 0° C. Snowfall also takes place during the month of December, January & February. Warm clothing, heavy woollen garments and bedding consisting of a quilt or sleeping bag and two blankets are required.